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Scientific research

Research 1

Research 1. The testing period was five weeks long and its objective was to study the effects of Gymstick exercise intervention. There were 15 subjects, from 22 to 29 years old, who did not exercise actively. They exercised with the Gymstick 3-4 times a week. Once a week they participated an exercise session led by an instructor. The remaining 2-3 times they trained independently.

- As a result of the intervention, every subject's endurance in doing sit-ups was improved. The average improvement was 72 per cent.

- Most of the subjects showed significant improvement in body flexors’ strength. 12 out of 15 subjects improved their result. The average improvement was 19 per cent.

- The isometric strength of the lower limb showed a statistically significant improvement as thirteen subjects improved their results with the average of 19 per cent.

- The muscular imbalance showed improvement in terms of strength. The average improvement was 23 per cent.

- The measurements taken after the exercise period show clear improvement in dynamic balance skills. The test measured distance and speed. The subjects had to complete a task on a balance platform.

     - As a result of exercising the distance was reduced by 10 per cent on the average.

    - As a result of exercising the time improved by about 21 per cent.

Gymstick training: effects to neuromuscular- and circulatory systems, 2004

The research was conducted by Anu Rannikko, Hanna Salminen and Janne Avela (Ph.D., Research director)

Neuromuscular Research Center
Department of Biology of Physical Activity
The university of Jyväskylä

Research 2

The testing period was seven weeks long during which the effects of exercise intervention on muscular strength and balance were studied. The test group consisted of six persons, aged between 39 and 59.

The pre-tests and the post-tests included the dynamic parts of a test which measures the condition of the back; the test is developed by Orton. The ‘one-leg standing’ –test and a questionnaire before and after the test were also included in the pre-tests and post-tests.

The results show that exercising with Gymstick improves balance and performance of the muscles. The average results of the group showed improvement in all of the categories. The improvement figure is the average of the whole group; the result shows the improvement compared to the pre-test. The result of the ‘One-leg standing’ –test improved by 54 per cent for the right foot (eyes open) and for the left 129 per cent (eyes open). When the subjects did the test eyes closed, the balance improved with the average of 126 per cent for right foot and 147 per cent for left foot. The result of the abdominal test showed an average improvement of 272 per cent, the average improvement in the back muscle test was 37 per cent, the improvement of the upper limb test was 49 per cent for the right limb and 89 per cent for the left limb. The result of the squat test improved by 38 per cent. According to the questionnaires the subjects found that the Gymstick motivated them to exercise more actively. They also thought that it is a challenging form of group exercise.

Gymstick in Therapeutic exercise, 2004

The research was conducted by Kati Yliniemi and Saara Äijö

Faculty of Social and Health Services
Degree Programme in Physiotherapy
Lahti Polytechnic